• PhD in Organization Behavior and Development from University of Sains, Malayasia
  • MS in Human Resource Management from Balochistan University of Information Technology, Engineering and Management Sciences (BUITEMS) Quetta, Pakistan

Publications and Conference Proceedings

  1. Ahmed, A., Jan,G., Ahmed,R .,& Barkat,W. (2021). The Impact of Spirituality on Resilience and Engagement during Pandemic COVID-19. Journal of Management, Spirituality & Religion 18(5), 400-424.
  2. Ahmed, A., Arshad, M. A., Mahmood, A., & Barkat, W. (2021). The Impact of Spiritual Values on Employees Loyalty: The Moderating Role of Islamic Work Ethic. International Journal of Ethics and Systems.37( 3),341-355 https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/IJOES-09-2020-0147/full/html.
  3. Waris, I., Barkat, W., Ahmed, A., & Hameed, I. (2021). Fostering sustainable businesses: understanding sustainability-driven entrepreneurial intention among university students in Pakistan. Social Responsibility Journal. https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/SRJ-10-2020-0399/full/html.
  4. Ahmed, R., Ahmed, A., & Barkat, W. (2020). Behavioral limitations of individuals for coping with COVID-19: A terror management perspective. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 1-22 https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10911359.2020.1835778
  5. Ahmed, A., Arshad, M. A., Mahmood, A., & Akhtar, S. (2019). The influence of spiritual values on employee’s helping behavior: The moderating role of Islamic work ethic. Journal of Management, Spirituality & Religion, 16(3), 1-29. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14766086.2019.1572529
  6. Arshad, M.A., Mahmood, A., & Khan, S.,Kalimullah., Ahmed,A., & Shabbir,M.S (2020).Organizational Sustainability Through the Application of Holistic Human Resources Development Model (HHRDM) in Multi-National Companies of Penang, Malaysia. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 24(7), 21-28 https://www.psychosocial.com/article-category/issue-7/
  1. Khan, S., Arshad, M. A., Mahmood, A., Khan, Q & A., Ahmed, A (2020). Proposed Soul Management Model for Organizational Performance: An Islamic Perspective. Talent Development and Excellence, 12(2s), 3624-3634. http://www.iratde.com/index.php/jtde/article/view/1268
  1. Barkat, W.,  Beh, LS.,  Ahmed, A., & Ahmed, R. (2018). Impact of intellectual capital on innovation capability and organizational performance: an empirical investigation. Serbian Journal of Management, 13(2), 365-379. http://aseestant.ceon.rs/index.php/sjm/article/view/16997
  1. Mahmood, A., Arshad, M. A., Ahmed, A., Akhtar, S., & Khan, S. (2018). Spiritual intelligence research within human resource development: a thematic review. Management Research Review 41(5) https://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/MRR-03-2017-0073
  1. Akhtar, S., Arshad, M. A., Mahmood, A., & Ahmed, A. (2018). Gaining recognition of Islamic spiritual intelligence for organisational sustainability. International Journal of Ethics and Systems, 34(1), 70-77. https://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/IJOES-01-2017-0003
  1. Ahmed, A., Arshad, M. A., Mahmood, A., & Akhtar, S.(2017) Neglecting human resource development in OBOR, A case of the China–Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), : Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies 10(2) https://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/JCEFTS-08-2016-0023
  1. Nasir, A. M., Ahmed, A., & Barkat, W. (2017). Operational performance and financial performance of Malaysia Airlines. Paradigms, 11(1), 34 https://search.proquest.com/openview/989f7c899663e0956deedc6568b4ca74/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=2044466
  1. Akhtar, S., Arshad, M. A., Mahmood, A., & Ahmed, A. (2017). Spiritual quotient towards organizational sustainability: The Islamic perspective, : World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development13(2) http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/WJEMSD-01-2017-0002
  1. Ahmed, A., Arshad, M. A., Mahmood, A., & Akhtar, S. (2016). Holistic Human Resource Development the Equation through the inclusion of Spiritual Quotient. Journal of Human Values 22(3), 165-179. http://jhv.sagepub.com/content/22/3/165.full.pdf+html
  1. Ahmed, A., Arshad, M. A., Mahmood, A., & Akhtar, S. (2016). Spiritual Intelligence (SQ): A Holistic Framework for Human Resource Development.Administratie si Management Public, 1(26), 60-http://www.ramp.ase.ro/en/_data/files/articole/2016/26-04.pdf
  1. Arshad, M. A., Akhtar, S., Mahmood, A., & Ahmed, A. (2015). Overcoming Resistance of Downsizing: A Case Study of Ledzworld Technology Company in Malaysia. i-Manager's Journal on Management, 10(3),29-35. http://search.proquest.com/docview/1777884559?pq-origsite=gscholarhttp://www.imanagerpublications.com/Article.aspx?ArticleId=3782&issueid=0
  1. Mahmood, A., Arshad, M. A., Ahmed, A., Akhtar, S., & Rafique, Z. (2015). Establishing Linkages between Intelligence, Emotional and Spiritual Quotient on Employees Performance in Government Sector of Pakistan. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 6(6 S2), 553-560. http://www.mcser.org/journal/index.php/mjss/article/viewFile/8131/7795
  1. Akhtar, S., Arshad, M. A., Mahmood, A., & Ahmed, A. (2015). Spiritual Quotient and Ethical Values towards Organizational Sustainability. International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences 58(1), 1-7. https://www.scipress.com/ILSHS.58.1
  1. Arshad, M. A., Yusof, A. N., Mahmood, A., Ahmed, A., & Akhtar, S. (2015). A Study on Training Needs Analysis (TNA) Process among Manufacturing Companies Registered with Pembangunan Sumber Manusia Berhad (PSMB) at Bayan Lepas Area, Penang, Malaysia. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 6(4), 670-678. www.mcser.org/journal/index.php/mjss/article/download/7338/7027


  1. Ahmed, A., & Mahmood, A. (2020). A Phenomenological Study on Spiritual Quotient and Holistic Human Resource Development Model. In Academy of Management Proceedings (Vol. 2020, No. 1, p. 12869). Briarcliff Manor, NY 10510: Academy of Management. https://journals.aom.org/doi/abs/10.5465/AMBPP.2020.12869abstract
  1. Ahmed, A., Arshad, M. A., Mahmood, A., & Akhtar, S. (2017). Relevance of Spiritual Intelligence: Evidence from Airline Industry of Pakistan. In Academy of Management Proceedings (Vol. 2017, No. 1, p. 12073). Briarcliff Manor, NY 10510: Academy of Management. https://journals.aom.org/doi/abs/10.5465/ambpp.2017.12073abstract
  1. Ahmed. A., Anuar. M.A., Mahmood. A., Akhtar. S. (2016). Employees Organizational Citizenship Behavior Through the Lens of Al-Ghazali Theory of Soul: A Holistic Perspective. Conference on Social, Economics, Business and Educational Science, Budapest Hungry.  http://www.mirdec.com/budapeste-2
  1. Ahmed. A., Anuar. M.A., Mahmood. A., (2015) Holistic Human Resource Development: Balancing the Equation through the Inclusion of Spiritual Quotient. 7th International Conference on Economics and Social Sciences. Penang Malaysia. ISSN: 2307-7549. http://www.oyagsb.uum.edu.my/index.php/events/339-oyagsb-ifrd-international-conference-in-penang-malaysia-on-16th-and-17th-may-2015
  2. Mahmood, A., Arshad, M. A., Ahmed, A., & Akhtar, S. (2017). University Students Training for Community Engagement: Rational, Emotional and Spiritual. 5th University-Community Engagement Conference – UCEC2017 Kyoto, Japan.
  3. Mahmood, A., Arshad, M. A., Ahmed, A., & Akhtar, S. (2016). Beyond Wit and Grit: Spiritual Quotient the key to Organisational Development. 14th International Conference of the Society for Global Business & Economic Development (SGBED) Montclair State University NJ USA.. ISBN: 978-0-9797659-9-5. http://www.sgbed.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/Proceedings_14thSGBED.pdf
  1. Mahmood. A., Anuar. M.A., Akhtar. S., Ahmed. A. (2016) Spiritual Quotient: A Road-Map for Organisational Development. Islamic Finance, Banking & Business Ethics Global Conference (IFBBE) Lahore University of Management Science, Pakistan. http://conferencealerts.com/show-event?id=162877
  1. Anuar. M.A., Mahmood. A., Ahmed. A., Akhtar. S. (2015).The Inclusion of Spiritual Quotient (Sq) In the Holistic Human Resource Development Model (Hhrdm) and its Impact on Organizations. 11th Asian Academy of Management International Conference (AAMC) School of Management Universiti Sains Malaysia. ISBN: 978-967-394-227-5. http://www.aamc2015.usm.my/